Hebrews 3:1 New International Version (NIV) Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge as our apostle and high priest. Hebrews 3:1–19 Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers, 1 you who share in r a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, s the apostle and high priest of our confession, 2 who was faithful to him who appointed him, t just as Moses also was faithful in all God’s 2 house. (See 1 Samuel 3:7.) ): , but here another sense is intended.] Our “Hebrews” here addressed rejoiced in the grandeur of the divine, , the glorious Messiah, but were shrinking almost to apostasy from the degradation of the, , the suffering Messiah. He is God’s direct ‘Sent One’, with no intervention of angels. Our confession is that for which we take a public stand in water baptism, namely, Christianity (cf. Because of all he has said about the superiority of Jesus the writer now calls on his ‘holy brothers and sisters’ to consider Him. God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son,. Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Apostle and High Priest of our profession -, shaalach- “to send.” The word denoting “apostle” -, shaliyach- is derived; and it is not improbable that Moses would be regarded as being by way of eminence the one “sent” by God. He is our high priest, who offered himself in sacrifice for the sanctification of his Church, and who is now exercising at the right hand of his Father the office of the priesthood in our behalf, both in heaven and on earth. Hebrews 2:10-18 Jesus Made Perfect Through Suffering. A proper account of this matter was necessary; 1st, Because the title of Jesus to remove the Mosaic economy, and to substitute the gospel dispensation in its place, was founded on the power which he possessed as the Son of God and Heir of all things; 2d, Because many of the Jews, in the persuasion that the law of Moses was of perpetual obligation, and that its sacrifices were real atonements for sin, rejected Jesus as an impostor for pretending to abolish these institutions. (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. 1.Wherefore—In view of the development of Christ as sent from the bosom of the Eternal, (see note Hebrews 1:3,) and emerging on earth as our Apostle and propitiator, thus far portrayed. Moses is never called (a word indeed which occurs only once in LXX) though in Exodus 3:10 God says . In this sense, Moses was sent by God. Well, if you be holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, “Consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus.” Think much of Him. Here in Hebrews 3:1 he draws attention again and enjoins his holy brothers to consider Jesus: “For every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God. Compare Ephesians 2:19, ‘fellow-citizens with the holy ones (His people)’. (53), First, the word consider, is important, for it intimates that singular attention is required, as he cannot be disregarded with impunity, and that at the same time the true knowledge of Christ is sufficient to dissipate the darkness of all errors. I left out the “us” because that is inserted by the translators and should not be there. Believers are represented as sanctified by the blood of Christ, chap13:12, as Israel was sanctified or set apart as God's peculiar people by the blood of the Sinai covenant. We note here that Jesus combines the two positions of authority and priesthood, something that Moses could not cope with. (Hebrews 2:11) It should bless and encourage us that Jesus calls us His holy brethren. He is the Son, and the High Priest. sent by his Father. Heaven is the world of realities, of things themselves (Hebrews 9:23) of which the things here are but ‘copies’ ” (Davidson). While the saints are exhorted to "walk worthily of the calling wherewith they were called" (Eph. “For unto us was the gospel preached as well as unto them.” In the old time that gospel which was preached to them was preached to us -- “but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.” God send us this holy mixture of the hearing and the believing, to our hour’s salvation, to his glory. Hebrews 3:19. Commentary on Luke 12:32-40. As he had before, by naming him a teacher and a priest, briefly compared him with Moses and Aaron, so he now includes both clauses; for he adorns him with two titles, as he sustains a twofold character in the Church of God. 2 The superior *apostle 3:1-4:13 Jesus is superior to Moses 3:1-6 But why should the High Priesthood be mentioned here when the writer is about to compare Jesus with Moses? to consider the apostle and high priest of our profession, Christ Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, nous), to put the mind down on a thing, to fix the mind on as in, τον αποστολον και αρχιερεα της ομολογιας ημων, The Apostle and High Priest of our confession, ton apostolon kai archierea tēs homologias hēmōn. The faith we profess. For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. Verses 3 through 6 provide the basis for the exhortation. Bible Commentary / Produced by TOW Project Amid the various concluding exhortations in Hebrews 13, two have a special relevance for work. You see what kept many of your forefathers out of Canaan, and made their carcasses fall in the wilderness; take heed lest you fall into … Heavenly calling; by which God called and inclined them to prepare for heaven. Consider the Apostle — The messenger of God, sent immediately from him to preach that gospel to you which you profess to believe; the highest office this in the New Testament; and High-Priest — This was the highest function in the Old Testament church. The writer thus confidently hopes that he is speaking to those who are true believers. They are the holy under the new dispensation, as Israel was under the old. Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, Today if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: You are his house, give him rest, do not provoke him. It is as though he were saying that there would be no new Apostles to look to, for those who knew Jesus in the flesh were dying out, but that they still have Jesus, Who is always there, Who is greater than them all, alive from the dead and living in their hearts. (Hebrews 3:1) Moses also was ‘sent’ (Exodus 3:12-15; Exodus 4:28). Furthermore He is the "High Priest" in that He is the One God anointed to represent human beings to Himself ( Hebrews 2:17-18). This unity with His brethren was necessary in order to His being a merciful and faithful High Priest, able to make atonement for their transgressions, and to make intercession for them, through His perfect atonement, which magnifies and makes honorable the law of God. It is certainly partly in order to confirm that He is the complete Deliverer but it surely also has in mind that before Sinai Moses was both Trek Leader and ‘High Priest’ of Israel. 8:30 says that they were foreordained before this calling. “With them that had sinned” says the 17th verse, “to them that believed not” says the 18th verse. After shedding His blood in a supreme sacriï¬ce, Jesus was qualiï¬ed to reenter the court of eternal glory, there to act as the High Priest for the Christians on the merits of His shed blood, even as the high priests in the Mosaic system entered the second court of the tabernacle and temple with the blood of animals. Though "Apostle" is nowhere else applied to Christ, it is appropriate in addressing Hebrews, who used the term of delegates sent by the High Priest to collect the temple tribute from Jews in foreign countries, even as Christ was the Father's Delegate to this world, far off from Him (Matthew 21:37). But Christ was sent fromheaven by God!!! —Rather, over His house. ; especially John 17:18; John 20:21). Now Christ is above the angels (Hebrews 1:1-14; Hebrews 2:1-18), because: (2) as Son of man, because manhood, though for a time lower than angels, is in Him exalted above them to the lordship of "the world to come," since He is at once Messenger of God to men, and atoning Priest-Representative of men before God (Hebrews 2:17-18). For every house is builded by some man but he that built all things is God. Sermon Bible Commentary. With such a Leader what manner of people ought we to be? of them who are "saints" by calling, Rom. ), God guarding us against stumbling, and guaranteeing assurance of an "entrance richly supplied ... into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.". Moses kept the law and was a good example to Israel save in some point of weakness, but Christ perfectly carried out his Father’s commission, and he is worthy of more honour than Moses. Let your minds penetrate deeply into the significance of these facts.” Whom God sent.Apostle means: one who is sent on an important mission. There were two; it was a slender remnant that were faithful. To build a house is a trivial matter, but Jesus, verily God, has built/made all that exist (John.1:1-3, 14); He has built the Israelite nation in which Moses was only a caretaker, and He has built His Church which is to share eternity with Him. When he had accomplished purification from sins, ‘Consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus.’ Having this wonderful privilege they are to fix their thoughts on Jesus as the Apostle and High Priest of the faith they confess. The usual New Testament meaning of this is “fellow Christians,” including both men and women. Hebrews 3:1. by Grant | Nov 1, 2018 | Hebrews | 0 comments. Oh, children of God, you have some of you been more than forty years now in the Lord’s service: do not vex him. Hebrews 3:1-6. Commentary on Hebrews 3:7-13 (Read Hebrews 3:7-13) Days of temptation are often days of provocation. Israel has an earthly calling and an earthly destiny. Note also the same in 2 Peter 1:5-11: the great exhortation to diligence on our part, by such diligence making "our calling and election sure" (which is the great exhortation in Hebrews, is it not? Want of faith brings want of holiness, and when we abide in the faith we abide in obedience. Bleek quotes from Primasius: “Fratres eos vocat tam carne quam spiritu qui ex eodem genere erant”. By wandering off, one way or another, away from the living God. (Witham) --- Jesus Christ is not only our apostle, he is the doctor, the legislator or the religion we profess. is several times used in this epistle without the epithet. More Hebrews commentaries. He compares Christ as an apostle, with Moses; as a priest, with Aaron. By thus calling upon them to consider Christ Jesus in these characters, the apostle seems to intimate that the believing Hebrews had not sufficiently adverted to the nature and quality of the person and offices of Christ, and for that reason were kept in the entanglements of Judaism; therefore he exhorts them to fix their minds attentively on the sublime subject. Probably holy is here used slightly in the Old Testament sense of the word, (see note on 1 Corinthians 7:14,) because the writer is about to parallel their position under Christ with their old position as Hebrews under Moses. God keep us from the very shadow of sin, from the very appearance of evil. Believers are also represented as sanctified by the Holy Spirit, of which they are all made partakers, 1 Peter 1:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; and as sanctified through the truth, John 17:17. ‘Holy’ reminds us of His act of sanctifying (making holy) them and making them brothers and sisters (Hebrews 2:11). App-189. He gives the Hebrews a proper caution; the word is, Take heed, blepete —look to it. In Hebrews 3, Paul admonishes us to hold fast to what Jesus taught us (see also Revelation 3:11). ‘Even Jesus.’ There must be no doubt of Whom he is speaking, it is of Jesus, about Whom he has spoken in all that has gone before, the One crowned with glory and honour throughout His ministry on earth (Hebrews 2:9), and now crowned with glory and honour in Heaven. Ebrard, 'The angel of the covenant came in the name of God before Israel; Moses in the name of Israel before God; 'whereas the high priest came both in the name of God (bearing the name JEHOVAH on his forehead) before Israel, and in the name of Israel (bearing the name of the twelve tribes on his breast) before God (Exodus 28:9-29; Exodus 28:36-38). You have had him introductorily presented in his twofold offices in the first two chapters. Apostle—One sent, a legate. 1 John 4:14. If you think little of your Leader you will live but poor lives. So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest. The object of Paul is to show that the Lord Jesus in the Christian system - as the great apostle sent from God - sustained a rank and office similar to this, but superior in dignity and authority. So John 20:21, “As my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.” The twelve were the human apostles of Christ; Christ was the divine Apostle of God. As God’s Apostle or Legate, Christ is super-angelic representative of God on earth; he is ruling administrator over the incoming dispensation, Hebrews 2:5-8; he is the glorious Messiah. For He was the original Sent One Who chose the Apostles and sent them out, and while they have ceased, He ever remains. Jesus Christ is the "Apostle" (lit. 4 For every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything. "Look about you; be upon your guard against enemies both within and without; be circumspect. Christ is also here called our apostle, i.e. See 2 Corinthians 9:13. 3 who is the refulgence of his glory,. Partakers of, partners in a ‘calling’ that comes from heaven and leads to it, besides giving the tastes and spirit appropriate to our destiny (John 3:31; Matthew 3:2; Philippians 3:20), servants, therefore, and workers under a new and divine economy. This purpose he has in the first two chapters sought to achieve by comparing Christ with those who … Holy brethren. CHRIST IS BETTER THAN MOSES; CHRIST GREATER THAN MOSES; BOTH CHRIST AND MOSES ARE FAITHFUL; CHRIST TO RECEIVE GREATER GLORY; EXHORTATION AGAINST APOSTASY; WARNING FROM THE FATE OF ISRAEL. God speaks very lovingly of the bodies of his saints but see how he speaks of the bodies of apostates, “whose carcases” as if they were no better than so many brute beasts, “whose carcases fell in the wilderness.”. ‘Brethren’ reminds us of the fact that they are one together with Him as ‘brothers’. Hebrews 3:7-13 Hearts Are Hardened Through Sin. Liberty University A Commentary Comparison on the Difficult Interpretation of Hebrews 6:1-8 A paper submitted to Dr. Adeyemi In partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the course NBST 654 Liberty Theological seminary By Christopher W. Myers Lynchburg, … It might have been otherwise. While Moses was in an eminent degree the Apostle of God to Israel, Aaron was the High Priest; but both these high offices were united in Christ, and the Hebrews are here exhorted to consider the Lord Jesus as uniting the offices both of an Apostle and a Priest. He is greater than both Moses and Aaron. Here only is the name Apostle directly given to our Lord; but the thought is present in Hebrews 2:3, and in the many passages in which Jesus designates Himself as the Sent of God, using the word from which Apostle is derived (John 3:17; John 5:36, et al. 1 Therefore, The “therefore” gathers truths from chapter 2. Philippians 3:14, "the high calling;" Greek, 'the calling above. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … Our “Hebrews” here addressed rejoiced in the grandeur of the divine Apostle, the glorious Messiah, but were shrinking almost to apostasy from the degradation of the High Priest, the suffering Messiah. I'm not adamant about it, but you will see in my commentary notes here a frequent reference to Paul's authorship. 1. Not simply as one we confess; for the word embraces all the truths and beings we confess as Christians; our whole confession of faith; Jesus Christ being the central figure and object in that confession and faith. He gives the Hebrews a proper caution, and enforces it with an affectionate compellation.1. Think of Jesus. Scripture also asserts that these were "called with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before times of ages" (2 Tim. Hebrews 3:1-19. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Hebrews. First Reading. But to provoke God, when he is letting us see that we entirely depend and live upon him, is a provocation indeed. But not because He is their successor but because He is their predecessor, and superior. Greek. Hebrews 1:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 1:3, NIV: "The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word.After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven." But there is further significance in the additional , “partakers of a heavenly calling” (cf. The things of the world are material, unreal, transient: those of heaven are ideal, true, eternal. Hebrews 3:1-4:13. Parallel with this argument as to His superiority to angels (Hebrews 1:4) runs that which follows as to His superiority to Moses (Hebrews 3:3): (1) Because as Son over the house He is above the servant in the house (Hebrews 3:5-6), just as the angels were shown to be but ministering spirits (Hebrews 1:14), whereas He is the Son (Hebrews 3:7-8). Our St. Paul will now so unfold both as to confirm their view of the grandeur of the exaltation, and reconstruct their view of the equal grandeur and pathos of the humiliation. As an Apostle, or God’s messenger, he pleads the cause of God with us; and as High-Priest, he pleads our cause with God. 2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house. Christ is eminently the sent of God. “Think what these great truths about Jesus mean. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. The Jews were called to a promised land here on earth; Christians are called by God to Eternity! Christ Jesus. This Apostle and Priest the Hebrews had acknowledged as their own (of our profession, or confession rather), and it became them to be faithful as confessors to Him they had in this double office accepted. Certain of them "kept not their first principality but left their proper habitation" (Jude 6). 5 “Moses was faithful as a servant in all God’s house,”[ a] John 6:29; John 6:40; John 17:18. He ruled the new dispensation in the character of the Son of Prayer of Manasseh, having been for the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor. Wherefore, [ Hothen (Greek #3606)] - 'Whence;' i:e., Seeing we have such a sympathizing Helper, you ought to 'contemplate attentively,' fix your mind on Him, so as to profit by the contemplation (Hebrews 12:2). Hebrews 3:1-6 is situated in the first major division of the letter (1:5-4:13). Jesus, our chief priest. It is through Him God has spoken (Hebrews 1:1). metochos. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, even Jesus. Lesson 9: To Endure, Consider Jesus (Hebrews 3:1-6) Related Media. Hebrews 1:8-14 Jesus Authority is Established Over All Creation. Hence He is termed the Apostle of our profession, and is thus contrasted with Moses, whom God sent to deliver Israel. But there is no reason to assign to any other meaning than its usual N.T. All sin, especially sin committed by God's … For that was why He was sent, to make the way of forgiveness and reconciliation available to those whom God has chosen. To be brethren of Christ requires a life of righteousness ( Matthew 12:50), hence Paul calls these people by the term italicized. Every once in a while, I am tempted to add a verse or two at the beginning or end of the lectionary reading to fill out its literary context. It seems strange so few commentaries written from a Torah-perspective have been forthcoming from the pool of Messianic teachers in our time. The privileges of the Sinai covenant were peculiar to Israel, Amos 3:2; but the Gentiles were fellow-heirs, Ephesians 3:6; and therefore the Hebrew believers are described as partakers of the heavenly calling. If you belong to him be holy, do not grieve him. sense of “fellow-Christians,” cf.Matthew 23:8. If they are His He has made them ‘holy’, set apart for God by the power of His working. Ð´Ð¾ Ð²ÑÑÐµ ÐµÐ³Ð¾. Hebrews 1:1-7 Christ is Greater Than The Angels. which sets us apart from non-Christian Jews.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. Hebrews 3:1 (King James Version) A.F.V A.S.V. Hebrews 3:7-8. But with whom was he grieved forty years? Hebrews 3:18. as the Sent One (Apostle) that He might act on God’s behalf towards His people, and He was appointed High Priest that He might act on behalf of His people towards God. Greek. But exhort one another daily, while it is called Today; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. Jesus both brought the message from God and is also High Priest. Thus does He combine within Himself that which had been too great a burden even for Moses. And as humanized Sufferer (, ) he is our High Priest. In this sense, Moses was sent by God. ,) because the writer is about to parallel their position under Christ with their old position as Hebrews under Moses. me, even so send I you.” The twelve were the human apostles of Christ; Christ was the divine, , speaks to us as antithesis to the whole body of prophets, (, or Legate, Christ is super-angelic representative of God on earth; he is ruling. Hebrews 3:15. Hence Christ is said not only to be made of God unto them righteousness, but sanctification. Hebrews 3:1. So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief. “Wherefore” connects generally with chaps, 1. While it is said, today if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. ’ s mission of salvation the of Hebrews even Jesus calling ” ( cf previous chapter using Matthew Henry Commentary! There is no reason to assign to any other meaning than its usual N.T mission! 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