I understand that the reasoning here may seem to be on an emotional level. 4:12). (These included, the Chrionicles of King David The Book of the kings of Israel and Judah, the writings of Samuel the Seer, Nathan the Prophet, Gad the Seer, Iddo the Seer, Isaiah the Prophet, and the Chronicles of the Seer, among others.) (the singular as opposed to the plural of seed in Gal 3:16), Scripture appeals to verb tense to settle an argument. We come now to a wonderful opportunity to consider the great doctrine of the inspiration of the Scripture. The inspiration of the Bible The parable of the talents in Matthew 25:14-30 is a very good example about how we can clean the glass through which we read the Scriptures. The testimony of the sacred writers themselves abundantly demonstrates this truth; and if they are infallible as teachers of doctrine, then the doctrine of plenary inspiration must be accepted. Simply saying it is inspired isn’t enough. Unless we have had the opportunity to visit the places mentioned in the Bible, we lack a mental, visual databank that would aid our understanding of certain events. 2:12; 14:37; Gal. Log in. It is likely that the account of the Amalekite is included to demonstrate David’s character and continuing respect for Saul as the Lord’s anointed, even after Saul’s death. However, 90% of these are due to either ignorance or bad intentions, or both. Inerrancy applies to the autographa, not to copies or translations of Scripture. We believe that the Bible is God's word. 3:16) cf. It claims to be from God. An author records what is important to himself as an historian. THe Biblical books are called inspired as the Divinely determined products of inspired men; the Biblical writers are call inspired as breathed into by the Holy Spirit, so that the product of their activities transcends human powers and becomes Divinely authoritative. Warfield, ISBE, vol. tou'to prw'ton ginwvskonte" oJvti pa'sa profhteiva grafh'j" ijdivaj" ejpiluvsew" ouj givnetai: ouj gaVr qelhvmati ajnqrwvpou hjnevxqh profhteiva potev, ajllaV uJpoV pneuvmato" aJgivou ferovmenoi ejlavlhsan ajpoV qeou' ajvnqrwpoi. The Holy Spirit (uJpoV pneuvmato") was the active agent. To carry this a step further, the description of many events of is that which is open to the historian. Inerrancy is a necessary deduction from the Bible’s teaching concerning its inspiration. the death of Saul, the resurrection of Jesus). The history of Bible criticism reveals that the Bible has no errors, but the critics do. The first stem, theo-, means “God,” “god,” or “divine.” The second stem, pneu-, means “breath,” breath,” “Spirit,” or “spirit.” And the suffix,-tos, makes the adjective passive in voice. However this sense is not plausible since the previous verse describes the sacred writings which are in this verse described as Scripture. They are convinced the book was written solely by humans in an ignorant, superstitious, and cruel age. Revelation is God's self-disclosure. "The Bible is the written Word of God. The Word of God. Leicester, England; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1996. First, we will consider inspiration . 4. All His ways and His acts are perfect. Underlying all, however is the constant implication of an influence form without, producing in its object movements and effects beyond its native, or at least its ordinary powers. J. I. Packer, “Hermeneutics and Biblical Authority,” Themelios, I (1975) p. 11. There are a number of real difficulties in the text which without further information we are unable to answer fully. The Bible makes a claim that most books do not. M. J. Sawyer, Ph.D., is Professor at A.W. All these books of the Old and New Testaments are inspired. The Canon refers to the putting together of the books of the Bible, finished in the 4th century A.D. This is a point sometimes missed by defenders of inerrancy who try to establish that the Bible conforms to 20th century norms of precision. Inspiration is, therefore, usually defined as a supernatural influence exerted on the sacred writers by the Spirit of God, by virtue of which their writings are given Divine trustworthiness. There’s a third view of inspiration, too. Prophets were often given divine truth or inspiration, but denied illumination or understanding of the truth given. Here we have a large bank of explanations for over 1,000 Bible difficulties which address: (1) apparent contradictions, (2) the New Testament use of the Old, (3) defense of orthodoxy from cultic interpretations, and (4) explanations of debated Christian issues, including Arminianism-Calvinism, … The words scripture, Wor… This is the concept called “inspiration.” There are several things involved in considering the “inspiration of the Bible.” First, “inspiration” of the Bible … The Inspiration and Inerrancy of the Bible. Luke informs us, “. We believe that the Bible is God's word. Scripture appeals to grammatical number to establish an argument. (3) The Bible’s message is clear, yet many passages seem ambiguous. . Some difficulties still remain. Difficulties and phenomena we cannot explain are not errors. OT passages in which God is speaker are quoted authoritatively in the NT under the rubric “Scripture said.” Likewise OT passages in which there is no indication that God is the speaker are quoted in the NT under the rubric, “God said.”. 119 we have an artistic shrine of the Book. The Point: God is the author of all Scripture. (2) The Bible is truly the production of man. (3) Saul fell on his sword but didn’t die immediately and the Amalekite finished the job. The derivatives have been multiplied and their application extended during the procession of the years, until they have acquired a very wide and varied use. 5:18), Revelation is adamant about its own inspiration. 22:32), Peter considers the letters of Paul inspired. Philippians 4:6 ESV / 8 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. A lot of people read but don't understand the Bible because they approach it like a novel or any other book. Both the words and ideas of Scripture are inspired by God so that God partners with the human authors to record His Word in all the various parts, and the Bible in its entirety. (Warfield, Inspiration and Authority of the Bible, p. 439), The Divine and the human are not properly conceived of when one element is emphasized so that it excludes the other. We have seen satellite dishes stationed next to Bedouin tents in the Negev! In previous lessons we have looked at the concept of revelation both general and special. "God-Inspired Scripture" VII. It is marked by all the evidence of human authorship as clearly and certainly as any other book ever written by man. Another reason understanding the Bible is important is because its words are eternal. It would be like a husband … To act on any other basis, it is clearly acknowledged, is to assume, not prove, error. Galatians 6:2, 5 KJV, but cf. Does debt affect giving in modern times in light of the Israelite tithe and slaves? While basically agreeing with Warfield on the sense of “God-breathed,” Goodrick objects to Warfield’s “spired” noting, “This word triggers such unacceptable images as a church building, an inflated tire, and a man holding his breath.” He continues: Etymology forces itself upon rate words, and theopneustos is a rare word. The noun “inspiration,” although already in use in the 14th century, seems not to occur in any but a theological sense until late in the 16th century. The inspiration of the Almighty - this it is, which - giveth them understanding. The term Trinity). In it we find the good news of salvation. "There is a spirit in man" (see Genesis 2:7); and it is according as this spirit is or is not enlightened from on high that men speak words of wisdom or the contrary. It is this process of recording the work o God in history and its interpretation which we refer to as inspiration. They were passive in the message, but active in the writing. It combines two stems and an adjective suffix: theo-pneu-stos. We must remember Warfield’s comment here: . In the case of Ps. Divine inspiration, in the biblical sense, is no longer occurring. It is the very Word of God (Heb. They believe that because the writers of the Bible lived in an unenlightened era, … Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. (e.g. “By the word of Jehovah,” we read in a significant parallel of Ps 33:6, “were the heavens made, and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.” . Think about it. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives, 4. Inspiration comes from God and when He inspired the Bible, it was perfect. because it continues in written form it continues throughout time to exercise authority over all who hear it. as they appear to the human observer. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 ESV / 7 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. Conceptual Inspiration. This is the concept called “inspiration.” There are several things involved in considering the “inspiration of the Bible.” First, “inspiration” of the Bible … . This implies a verbal aspect to the divine communicative process. (present as opposed to the past tense: I am the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. In almost all combined form starting with -theo, God is the active agent. “Inspiration”). For instance qeodidakto", “God-taught’ (1 Thess. We see this same phenomenon today in the plethora of Bible translations all based on the same Hebrew and Greek text of the Bible. "The Oracles of God" Appendix I. .” Likewise the authors of Kings and Chronicles inform us of the sources which they used in the composition of their works. (e.g. (1 Tim. Bible by B. Note: This is a representative list. phenomenologically). Inerrancy also recognizes the analogy of faith and that apparent contradictions be harmonized if possible. mechanical inspiration or natural inspiration). There are several factors that sometimes make the Bible hard to understand. (See Gerstner, The Foundation of Biblical Authority, p. 24-25); also see Paul Little, Know What You Believe, 21-22). So, illumination is the Spirit of God giving man understanding of divine truths already given, namely the Word of God. Inerrancy has been the faith of the Church. But the difficulties are not due to God’s perfect revelation, but to our imperfect understanding of it. What does it mean to abide in Jesus Christ? According to Frederic Farrar, Martin Luther did not understand inspiration to mean that the scriptures were dictated in a purely mechanical manner. Historical and Scientific Problems in the Bible. The gospel contains no express declaration about the origin and value of the Scriptures, but in it we see that Jesus Christ used them in conformity with the general belief, i.e., as the Word of God. (Warfield, ISBE 3:1474 s.v. (Moises Silva, Has the Church Misread the Bible, 37-38), “When all the facts become known, they will demonstrate that the Bible in its original autographs and correctly interpreted is entirely true and never false in all it affirms, whether relative to doctrine or ethics or the social, physical or life sciences.” (P. D. Feinberg, s.v. The issue is, “Is the truth expressed accurate within accepted cultural norms when it was written?” It issue is not 20th century scientific accuracy. As we have employed the terminology in the previous lesson, special revelationincludes all ways in which God has revealed himself redemptively to mankind. Prophets were often given divine truth or inspiration, but denied illumination or understanding of the truth given. New International Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties (Zondervan's Understand the Bible Reference Series) - Kindle edition by Archer, Gleason Leonard . (See Warfield, The Inspiration and Authority of the Bible, 43-45) The same truth can be stated in a variety of forms while retaining the full veracity of the original. So, illumination is the Spirit of God giving man understanding of divine truths already given, namely the Word of God. The book of Genesis can be outlined in different forms but these two should be sufficient to give you a basic understanding of how the book of Genesis is laid out. In the Greek culture of New Testament times there were numerous instances in which the “gods” were said to have manifested themselves in human flesh.1 In our own times there are numerous examples of “super-beings” who have intervened in human history. Combined with clear allusions to the OT material, this material comprises about 10% of the NT text. Inspirational Bible Verses . 4:12). No term could have been chosen, however, which would have more emphatically asserted the divine production of Scripture that that which is here employed. In it we learn about God and his dealings with people down through the centuries. The Bible makes a claim that most books do not. This view asserts that the writers of the Bible were indeed inspired, but so were many great artists, musicians, and authors. The Biblical Idea of Revelation II. Paul (at least) was aware that he was writing with divine authority (Cor. (e.g. This indicates that the human authors did not carry the message, but rather they were carried by the Holy Spirit when writing Scripture. Belief In Practice 7: The Implications Of Biblical Inspiration Use The Word With Others. It was also discovered that concurrently he had suffered a fatal heart attack. (3) This two-fold authorship extends to every part of Scripture as well as to the general ideas expressed. Out of obedience to the Lord of The Church we submit ourselves unreservedly to his authoritative view of Holy Writ. But where it does touch on scientific matter, it does not impart misinformation. With limited inspiration, the reliability of the Bible is called into doubt. "It Says:" "Scripture Says:" "God Says" VIII. Consider what other Bible writers claimed for their writings.Did they actually claim God guided their writings or is thissomething modern people attributed to them though they neverclaimed it? (5) The Scriptures seem to presuppose a literal and historical reading, yet we are also confronted by the figurative and nonhistorical (e.g. The Holy Spirit In Creation The Holy Spirit Giving Life God Giving Understanding Wisdom breathing breath man reality “But it is a spirit in man, And the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding. Inspiration 4 a. The question here is how did Paul intend it to be understood? And what the Bible is is just the question of its inspiration. That’s an extremely helpful description of inspiration. Unlike the few that make the claim, the Bible’s claim is true. If we accept the Bible to be inspired by God, we will read, preach and study it … Depending on what part of the Bible you are studying, there is between 3,400 and 1,900 years between when the Bible was written and us today. Inspiration. This is not what most Christians mean when they refer to inspiration. A famous preacher once said that any true devotional reading of Scripture has to care about understanding what the text is actually saying to truly be devotional. account way true, but partial. Q. The Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy was formulated by more than 200 evangelical leaders at a conference convened by the International Council on Biblical Inerrancy and held in Chicago in October 1978. Lampe’s Patristic Lexicon, “divinely inspired.” The term is late and rare, this has given rise to numerous interpretations of the meaning of the term: qeovpneusto" —very distinctly does not mean “inspired by God.” This phrase is rather the rendering of the Latin divinitus inspirata. Let’s see some facts. Most contradictory statements are only superficially contradictory. “inerrancy, Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. We believe the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments to be the inspired and inerrant Word of God: We hold the Bible, as originally given through human agents of revelation to be infallible and see this a crucial article of faith with implication for the entire life and practice of all Christian people. Each . The theologian must interpret the text properly in order to ascertain the truth of falsity of its assertions. p. 357, “inspired by God” (found only in Scripture in 2 Tim. The dynamic flexible nature of language makes it impossible to render verbally exact equivalent translations. . Post was not sent - check your email addresses! And in it we find instruction and encouragement for our lives. ), (2) Catholicity (i.e. Here it is a matter of asking God to help us understand the Divine design of the scriptures. The most decisive texts in this respect are found in the Fourth Gospel (5:39 and 10:35). By way of analogy see Philippians 2:12-13. God knows that understanding the Bible takes work and prayer, but so often we want quick benefits from the Bible without putting in the necessary labor. We therefore understand the Bible to be the very Word of God in that God himself revealed His will and purposes to chosen writers (Amos 3:8) who faithfully and precisely recorded what had been revealed to them for eventual and providential inclusion in our canon of sixty-six books. b. The reason that the Bible can sometimes be hard to understand is that we are all fallen beings - sin clouds and distorts our understanding and leads us to twist the Bible to our own liking. I have been reading the Bible for over 60 years. B. Warfield Table of Contents I. A window to God - The reader must see more than the letter of the law. In the context in which it was written this passage is speaking of the inspiration of the OT. It is obvious, therefore, that our work and purpose are determined by our conception of what the Bible is. 3, pg. . God moved them. (1) The Bible is truly the Word of God, having infallible authority in all that it affirms or enjoins. I was confused, which was it? Caiaphas was a vehicle of an inspired message, but he had no understanding of its meaning (John 11:50, John 18:14). the parables). boast that all our work centres around the Bible as the Word of God, the only infallible rule of faith and practice. If we do, the difficulties disappear and the beauty of inspiration is seen. it has immediate authority as the Word of God. “Mistake 4: Failing to Understand the Context of the Passage.” Again, context is supremely important when handling Bible difficulties. This is a technical term for Scripture as can be seen from Philo, Josephus and the NT itself. Certainly Adam was God-breathed. . If that is so, then where is the evidence for its inspiration? . There are two things that need to be understood, outside of the historical record, if one is to understand and believe that the Bible is actually the word of God. --B.B. There are about 300 direct references or quotations in the NT from the OT. Keys to understanding the Bible. Later, I heard that he had died of a heart attack. First of all you must understand this, that no prophecy of scripture is a matter of one's own interpretation, because no prophecy ever came by the impulse of man, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. The Inspiration and Authority of Scripture I am immensely grateful for my grounding in Scripture, undergirded by a high view of its authority and inspiration, from my earliest childhood. The message of God’s Word is perfectly clear. When Paul declares, then, that “every scripture” is a product of the divine breath, “is God-breathed,” he asserts with as much energy as he could employ that Scripture is a product of a specifically divine operation. The third, felt the tail and said that the elephant is like a tree with flexible branches. Inspiration, on the other hand, refers to the process of God’s superintendence of the human author of Scripture whereby the veracity of the recorded message was ensured. . God Gives Us Victory Over the Problems We Face. In addition to internal contradictions, a host of problems present themselves when the biblical texts are related to historical and scientific research. Ins… I understand that the reasoning here may seem to be on an emotional level. Dewey Beegle cites about a dozen, mostly dealing with the variant numbers between Kings and Chronicles. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 2 (Gal. But it is not always easy to understand. 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