Romans 14:11 Isaiah 45:23 Romans 14:23 Some manuscripts place 16:25-27 here; others after 15:33.  On this account he says also in another place, that we put on Christ in baptism. Revelling is first mentioned, though drunkenness goes before it; and "chambering," or concubinage, or indulgence in unlawful lusts is first stated, though lasciviousness or wantonness is the source from which it proceeds. For as the adverb here used is in its import indefinite, this meaning is much the most suitable, as it is evident from what follows. Romans 13:11 Commentaries: Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. Both are necessary: for Christ is our sanctification, the author, worker, and example of it, as well as our righteousness. See on Matthew 12:1. The book of Romans is written by Paul from Corinth, while on his third missionary journey, in about 57 A.D. [His host is Gaius (Romans 16:23), an early convert in Corinth (1 Corinthians 1:14) and he commends to the Romans Phoebe from Cenchrea, a neighboring city of Corinth (Romans 16:1). Romans 13:6 "For this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing." The reference is apparently to the Lord's second coming, rather than to future glory. ), certainly believed that the Parusia, or Second Coming of Christ, was near at hand. 11. We are sure that the God of light is around us, and is a witness of all we do. This was in strict accordance with Mark 13:32, and resulted naturally from the peculiar form of the Jewish Messianic expectation. Wake up, for our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed." The unbelieving do indeed labor under these two evils, they are blind and they are insensible; but this insensibility he shortly after designated by sleep, which is, as one says, an image of death. Romans 13:11-14. Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. just at their Father's house, ready to enter into the joy of their Lord, into his everlasting kingdom and glory, and yet asleep! The meaning is," Hitherto we have walked in darkness and in sin. It is in this way that we shall use this world without abusing it. (Rom 13:1-2) Government's legitimate authority and the Christian's response. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. Considering the time; a busy time; a perilous time. The time (τὸν καιρόν), the particular season or juncture. The dawn of day, the approaching light of the morning, is the time to arouse from slumber. To awake ... - This is a beautiful figure. Romans 13:11, CSB : "Besides this, since you know the time, it is already the hour for you to wake up from sleep, because now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed." no doubt but that Paul intended to remind us, that strifes and contests arise from this fountain; for when any one seeks to excel, there is envying of one another; but ambition is the source of both evils. Commentary on Romans â John Calvin . Now we walk in the light of the gospel. 1700 28th Street SE Grand Rapids, MI 49508. Hoc enim, quum noverimus tempus, quia hora est qua jam e somno expergiscamur (nunc enim propior est salus nostra quam quum credi-dimus,). The powerful challenge of Romans 13 refers all the way back to the admonitions that begin in chapter 12. (Read Romans 1:18-25) The apostle begins to show that all mankind need the salvation of the gospel, because none could obtain the favour of God, or escape his wrath by their own works. But he was careful not to upset anyone elseâs work (Romans 15:20). This is in addition to the putting him on as our righteousness, and not as a substitute for it. But now the morning light of the gospel dawns. The "previous" time had been a period of ignorance and darkness, when oppression, and falsehood, and sin abounded. (11) An application taken from the circumstances of the time: which also itself puts us in mind of our duty, seeing that this remains, after which the darkness of ignorance and wicked affections by the knowledge of God's truth is driven out of us, that we order our life according to that certain and sure rule of all righteousness and honesty, being fully grounded upon the power of the Spirit of Christ. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. For no man can plead that he has fulfilled all his obligations to God and to his neighbour; nor can any truly say that he has fully acted up to the light afforded him. Paul speaks metaphorically of night as the present age and uses day to mean the coming of the Lord. We are to be wide awake and alert, serving the Lord. It probably, however, has its usual meaning here, denoting that deliverance from sin and danger which awaits Christians in heaven; and is thus equivalent to the expression, "You are advancing nearer to heaven. St. Paul, like the other Apostles (comp. Romans 1 covers Paulâs introduction to the book of Romans as well as building a case against the entire world that we were guilty before God. His purpose was in various ways to exhort us, -- at one time to meditate on our future life; at another, to contemplate the present favor of God. Romans 8:19; Romans 8:23, “the manifestation of the sons of God,” “the redemption of the body;” Luke 21:28, “your redemption draweth nigh.”). (Tholuck, and the Germans generally.) It can guide us, teach us, and tell us about Godâs character. 12. Besides, the comparison between the night and the day does in my judgment dissipate every doubt on the point. As, however, the words are metaphorical, it may be useful to consider their meaning: Ignorance of God is what he calls night; for all who are thus ignorant go astray and sleep as people do in the night. -- Ed. For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh: The law can do many things. The true, the genuine Christian life is like the state of a man whose eyes are open and whose faculties are all alert and vigorous. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.com. Therefore let us lay aside the â¦ This metaphor is commonly used in Scripture with respect to what tends to adorn or to deform man; both of which may be seen in his clothing: for a filthy and torn garment dishonors a man; but what is becoming and clean recommends him. The night has advanced, and the day, etc. Paul, the author, was a Hebrew by descent, a native of Tarsus in Cilicia, and educated by Gamaliel, the great Pharisaic teacher. He says that the night had advanced, because we are not so overwhelmed with thick darkness as the unbelieving are, to whom no spark of life appears; but the hope of resurrection is placed by the gospel before our eyes; yea, the light of faith, by which we discover that the full brightness of celestial glory is nigh at hand, ought to stimulate us, so that we may not grow torpid on the earth. Rev., season. The conduct to which such a hope should incite.  He mentions awake, by which he intimates that we are to be equipped and prepared to undertake the services which the Lord requires from us. The whole passage would then read better in this manner, -- 11. ROMANS 13:11-14. To put on Christ, then, is to put on his virtues and graces, to put on or be endued with his spirit, to imitate his conduct and to copy his example. The night of heathen ignorance as to Christians had already passed, and the day of gospel light was not approaching, but had appeared. -- Ed. 13. VERSE-BY-VERSE COMMENTARY with Dr. Grant C. Richison exposes the mind of God to the mind of man by expounding individual books of Godâs Word verse-by-verse.. Each study expounds a passage, forms a principle out of that passage, and shows how to apply that principle to your life. 13 Sicut in die decenter ambulemus; non comessationibus neque ebrietatibus, neque eubilibus neque lasciviis, neque contentione neque aemulatione: 14. It is an example of the Apostle's mode of writing similar to what we find in Romans 11:29, as to "the gifts and calling of God," and in verse 33, as to "the wisdom and knowledge of God." Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in orgies, and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. Jesus Predicts the Destruction of the Temple (Mark 13: 1-4) (Mark 12:1-12) Jesusâ prediction of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem is one of the most important features in Markâs gospel. The sum of what he says is, -- that as soon as God begins to call us, we ought to do the same, as when we conclude from the first dawn of the day that the full sun is at hand; we ought to look forward to the coming of Christ. The distinction between night and day of a Christian, ought to be clearly kept in view. Nox progressa est, dies vero appropinquavit: abjiciamus ergo opera tenebrarum, et induamus arma lucis. It is the sin that believes in nothing, cares for nothing, interferes with nothing, enjoys nothing, hates nothing, finds purpose in nothing. This doesn't mean we break the law, but that we obey it by the power of the Spirit. Romans 8:2 tells us we are free from the power of sin. The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Sleep is "the kinsman of death," and it is the emblem of the insensibility and stupidity of sinners. Now to put on Christ, means here to be on every side fortified by the power of his Spirit, and be thereby prepared to discharge all the duties of holiness; for thus is the image of God renewed in us, which is the only true ornament of the soul. Revelling is first mentioned, though drunkenness goes before it; and "chambering," or concubinage, or indulgence in unlawful lusts is first stated, though lasciviousness or wantonness is the source from which it proceeds. 14. The import then of the words is this, "Since we know that the seasonable time has already come, in which we should awake from sleep, let us cast aside whatever belongs to the night, let us shake off all the works of darkness, since the darkness itself has been dissipated, and let us attend to the works of light, and walk as it becomes those who are enjoying the day." 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