3. [154][155], The expedition very carefully matched legacy conditions, using a replica of the James Caird (named for the project's patron: the Alexandra Shackleton), period clothing (by Burberry), replica rations (both in calorific content and rough constitution), period navigational aids, and a Thomas Mercer chronometer just as Shackleton had used. If anyone knew how to handle adversity, it was Shackleton. He was destined to become a doctor, according to his father, but Shackleton instead joined the merchant navy when he was 16 and qualified as a master mariner in 1898. This party would then lay supply depots across the Great Ice Barrier as far as the Beardmore Glacier; these depots would hold the food and fuel that would enable Shackleton's party to complete their journey of 1,800 miles (2,900 km) across the continent. [102], On the following day, they were able, finally, to land on the unoccupied southern shore. So much to learn from his leadsership and vision which he demonstrated on many occasions. However, all final decisions were made by Shackleton. [68] Among the ventures which he hoped to promote were a tobacco company,[69] a scheme for selling to collectors postage stamps overprinted "King Edward VII Land"—based on Shackleton's appointment as Antarctic postmaster by the New Zealand authorities[70]—and the development of a Hungarian mining concession he had acquired near the city of Nagybanya, now part of Romania. [156] This expedition was made into a documentary film,[157] screening as Chasing Shackleton on PBS in the United States, and Shackleton: Death or Glory elsewhere on the Discovery Channel. [64] All the members of the Nimrod Expedition shore party received silver Polar Medals on 23 November, with Shackleton receiving a clasp to his earlier medal. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was one of the main polar explorers of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. But what did Ernest Shackleton really do and what leadership insights can we learn from him? There is a legend that says Shackleton's newspaper article was written a certain way so that he could better narrow down and select candidates for his expedition. In 2002, in a BBC poll conducted to determine the "100 Greatest Britons", Shackleton was ranked 11th while Scott was down in 54th place. Shackleton's original plans had envisaged using the old Discovery base in McMurdo Sound to launch his attempts on the South Pole and South Magnetic Pole. Ernest Shackleton’s Endurance expedition was the remarkable final chapter in the Heroic Age of Exploration. [137] A statue of Shackleton designed by Charles Sargeant Jagger was unveiled at the Royal Geographical Society's Kensington headquarters in 1932,[138] but public memorials to Shackleton were relatively few. With Amundsen reaching the pole in December of 1911 and Scott in 1912, Shackleton asked himself what was the last great geographic prize. [13] On 17 February 1901, his appointment as third officer to the expedition's ship Discovery was confirmed; on 4 June he was commissioned into the Royal Navy, with the rank of sub-lieutenant in the Royal Naval Reserve. Sir Ernest Shackleton : First let me say that if war is declared, any man who wishes to leave the expedition to serve his country is free to do so. Also, members of his team climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. In his 1956 address to the British Science Association, Sir Raymond Priestley, one of his contemporaries, said "Scott for scientific method, Amundsen for speed and efficiency but when disaster strikes and all hope is gone, get down on your knees and pray for Shackleton", paraphrasing what Apsley Cherry-Garrard had written in a preface to his 1922 memoir The Worst Journey in the World. [140], Within a few years, he was thoroughly overtaken in public esteem by Shackleton, whose popularity surged while that of his erstwhile rival declined. The fate of Scott's expedition was not then known. [86], On 24 February, realising that she would be trapped until the following spring, Shackleton ordered the abandonment of ship's routine and her conversion to a winter station. [90], For almost two months, Shackleton and his party camped on a large, flat floe, hoping that it would drift towards Paulet Island, approximately 250 miles (402 km) away, where it was known that stores were cached. [119], Shackleton returned to the lecture circuit and published his own account of the Endurance expedition, South, in December 1919. For TV and movie buffs: Shackleton. [89] On 21 November 1915, the wreck finally slipped beneath the surface. On 24 October, water began pouring in. [7], From early childhood, Shackleton was a voracious reader, a pursuit which sparked a passion for adventure. [22] During the Antarctic winter of 1902, in the confines of the iced-in Discovery, Shackleton edited the expedition's magazine The South Polar Times. [38] On 9 April 1904, he married Emily Dorman, with whom he had three children: Raymond, Cecily, and Edward, himself an explorer and later a politician.[39]. [123] When the party arrived in Rio de Janeiro, Shackleton suffered a suspected heart attack. As a young boy, his family moved to England where he started his first formal schooling. Yelcho, commanded by Captain Luis Pardo, and the British whaler Southern Sky reached Elephant Island on 30 August 1916, at which point the men had been isolated there for four and a half months, and Shackleton quickly evacuated all 22 men. "[20], Discovery departed London on 31 July 1901, arriving at the Antarctic coast, via Cape Town and New Zealand, on 8 January 1902. What would Shackleton do? 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