Canada has a population of about 36.5 million, of which 1.5 million are considered aboriginal Canadians representing 4.3% of the population. According to Statistics Canada, approximately 799,010 people, or 3 per cent of Canada's population, identified themselves as having an Aboriginal identity in 1996. The main map shows an attempt to depict the Aboriginal ethnic and linguistic situation as it existed when the various Aboriginal peoples were first met by … 1,261. In the Northwest Territories, there were 21,160 Aboriginal people or 1.5% of the total Aboriginal population and 7,705 Aboriginal people lived in Yukon, less than 1% of the total. Projections suggest that the Aboriginal population could increase to approximately 1.4 million by 2017 from 1.1 million in 2006. Of the three Aboriginal groups, Métis were the most likely to live in a city, with 62.6% living in a metropolitan area of at least 30,000 people. The target population of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey is composed of the Aboriginal identity population of Canada, living in private dwellings excluding people living on Indian reserves and settlements and in certain First Nations communities in Yukon and the Northwest Territories. Finally, The Aboriginal languages of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit examines the diversity of Aboriginal languages in Canada. While 4% of the population claims an aboriginal identity, another 16% belongs to a non-aboriginal visible minority. According to population projections, the proportion of the First Nations, Métis and Inuit populations 65 years of age and older could more than double by 2036. The proportion of the Canadian population that identify themselves as Aboriginal is projected to increase to 4% in 2017 from 3% in 2001. There are several factors that can contribute to the higher growth rate for Aboriginal peoples, such as higher fertility rates. The growth rates for each of the Aboriginal identity groups were much higher than that of the non-Aboriginal population at 8% from 1996 to 2006. Meanwhile, 7.2% of the Métis population lived in the Atlantic provinces and 0.8% lived in the territories. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the … This release focuses on key statistics about First Nations people, Métis and Inuit from the 2016 Census of Population. The first article examines family characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4 years and is entitled Diverse family characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4. The 2017 numbers are the highest reported to date in a regional count and constitute a strong over-representation of Aboriginal People compared to the total homeless population in Metro Vancouver. The number of First Nations people with registered or treaty Indian status rose by 30.8% from 2006 to 2016. This represented 2.0 hate crimes per 100,000 Aboriginal people in Canada in 2017. The proportion of the Canadian population that identify themselves as Aboriginal is projected to increase to 4% in 2017 from 3% in 2001.1. In the next two decades, the Aboriginal population is likely to exceed 2.5 million persons. There were 69,360 Métis living in Quebec in 2016, accounting for 11.8% of the total Métis population. DEFINITIONS For the purposes of this report, the term “Aboriginal” is used for consistency with previous In 2006, 4.8% of the Aboriginal population was 65 years of age and older; by 2016, this proportion had risen to 7.3%. The Aboriginal population is young. Past censuses have emphasized two key characteristics of the Aboriginal population: that Aboriginal peoples are both young in age and growing in number. There is also an increasing tendency for people to identify themselves as Aboriginal in recent years which also contributes to this faster growth. The 2016 Census reaffirmed these trends. First Nations people wait for the Walk for Reconciliation to begin in Vancouver, B.C., on Sunday September 24, 2017. There were more than 70 distinct Aboriginal languages reported in the 2016 Census, more than 30 of which had at least 500 speakers. There were 1,796 cases of active TB reported in Canada in 2017, compared with 1,750 cases in 2016, representing a 2.6% increase. B.C. The term “Aboriginal” was used in the 2016 Census questionnaire to refer to First Nations people, Métis and Inuit living in Canada. Since 2006, the national Aboriginal population has risen by a remarkable 42.5%, outrunning the growth of the non-Aboriginal population nearly four times over (10.9%). January 16, 2017(Ottawa, ON) – Today, Statistics Canada announced the commencement of the 5th cycle of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS). Although Canada’s Among the 744,855 First Nations people with registered or treaty Indian status, 44.2% lived on reserve in 2016, while the rest of the population lived off reserve. Most Inuit in the Atlantic provinces lived in Newfoundland and Labrador (23.5%), which accounted for almost one-quarter of the population of Inuit outside of Inuit Nunangat. 4.3 percent of the Canadian population is comprised of Indigenous individuals, this is approximately 1, 400, 685 people. Canada's aboriginal people are growing at twice the national rate. Winnipeg had the largest Métis population at 52,130 in 2016, up 28.0% from a decade earlier. The 2016 census counted 1.67 million Aboriginal people in Canada—representing 4.9% of the population. In general, the number of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit who could speak an Aboriginal language was higher than the number with an Aboriginal mother tongue. This was not the case among Aboriginal peoples. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available. For the first time, Ontario had the largest Métis population in Canada at 120,585, up 64.3% from 2006 and accounting for one-fifth (20.5%) of the total Métis population. For more information on the family characteristics of young Aboriginal children, see the article "Diverse family characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4". First Nations people wait for the Walk for Reconciliation to begin in Vancouver, B.C., on Sunday September 24, 2017. Métis hold a unique cultural and historic place among the Aboriginal peoples in Canada, with distinct traditions, culture and language (Michif). The survey on Aboriginal peoples is an established Canadian survey dedicated to obtaining information about the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of Aboriginal populations in Canada. Incidents against Aboriginal people account for a relatively small proportion of police-reported hate crimes (2%). Can't find what you're looking for? This year’s theme, “Building Sustainable Futures,” focuses on the education and employment of […] In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population. The number of hate crimes targeting the Aboriginal population increased from 30 in 2016 to 31 in 2017. The census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Winnipeg (92,810), Edmonton (76,205), Vancouver (61,460) and Toronto (46,315) had the largest Aboriginal populations. How much do you know about Aboriginal people & o There were 260,550 Aboriginal people who could speak an Aboriginal language in 2016, up 3.1% from 2006. • Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2017 • Nunavut Supplement. 22. Data products include the Aboriginal population counts for a wide range of standard geographic areas, available through the Data tables, Census Profile and Highlight tables. This web module has been designed to provide easy access to census data, free of charge. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. It took until 2016 for population figures to recover. Please contact us and let us know how we can help you. Two main factors have contributed to the growing Aboriginal population: the first is natural growth, which includes increased life expectancy and relatively high fertility rates; the second factor relates to changes in self-reported identification. Reference materials contain information to help understand census data. Is something not working? This area, known as Inuit Nunangat, refers not only to the land, but also to the surrounding water and ice, which Inuit consider to be integral to their culture and way of life. Today, Statistics Canada is releasing its first results on First Nations people, Métis and Inuit from the 2016 Census of Population. Data products. Aboriginal Population Contained within the 3rd Edition (1957) of the Atlas of Canada is a map comprised of two condensed maps showing Aboriginal population. Approximately 40% of First Nations people live on federally recognized Indian reserves. More than half of Indigenous peoples in Canada are believed to live in urban centres, which are considered to be an urban area having a population of at least 1,000 people and a population density of no fewer than 400 people per square kilometre. The aboriginal population is the fastest growing segment of Canada. News June 6, 2016 November 28, 2017. Canadian Provinces and Territories by Indigenous Population. A significant part of this increase most likely stemmed from changes in self-reported identification, that is, people newly identifying as First Nations on the census. Information about past and future releases from the census can be found through the 2016 Census Program release schedule. Another 6.6% lived in the Inuvialuit region, which is located in the Western Arctic, while 4.8% lived in the communities of Nunatsiavut, along the northeastern coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Aboriginal women in Canada are being murdered at disproportionately high rates. Among these are differences in methodology, changes to the wording and format of Aboriginal questions, legislative changes and differences in the list of incompletely enumerated reserves. Please see the 2016 Census Program release schedule to find out when data and analysis on the different topics will be released throughout 2017, and regularly consult the Census Program web module for the release of additional products. In 2016, 867,415 Aboriginal people lived in a metropolitan area of at least 30,000 people, accounting for over half (51.8%) of the total Aboriginal population. The faster growth in the Aboriginal population (compared to 1.6% for the general Australian population) is the result of several factors and "… Meanwhile, the Métis population grew by 64.3% in Ontario and by 32.9% in the western provinces. Ten years later, the census reported 1,172,790 people, or 4 per cent of the population. Canada-wide in 2016, there were 1,673,785 Indigenous people, accounting for 4.9 per cent of the total population. History of previous TB infection was unknown for 2.5% of reported cases. This term is used throughout ... • Housing conditions of Aboriginal people in Canada ... 2017 • Population and dwelling counts May 3, 2017 • Age and sex • Type of dwelling Aboriginal children were more likely to live in a variety of family settings, such as multi-generational homes, where both parents and grandparents are present. These include GeoSearch, an interactive mapping tool. There were 587,545 Métis in Canada in 2016, accounting for 1.7% of the total population. In addition, the Focus on Geography Series provides data and highlights on key topics found in this Daily release and in the Census in Brief articles at various levels of geography. January 16, 2017(Ottawa, ON) – Today, Statistics Canada announced the commencement of the 5th cycle of the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS). The first results of the 2016 Census of Population and Housing, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) today, show that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples represented 2.8 per cent of the population counted in the 2016 Census – … About the same number of Métis lived in Manitoba and British Columbia (15.2%), while Saskatchewan was home to 9.9% of the Métis population. Both the Dictionary and the Guide to the Census of Population are updated with additional information throughout the release cycle. Information is organized into broad categories, including analytical products, data products, reference materials, geography and a video centre. Indeed, the history of Canada would be incomplete without the stories of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit. The same is true of its future. Growth was observed in the Aboriginal population in urban areas, as well as First Nations people living on reserve and Inuit in Inuit Nunangat. The First Nations population grew by 29% while the Inuit population grew by 26%. From 2006 to 2016, the number of Aboriginal people living in a metropolitan area of this size increased by 59.7%. This product presents information from the Census of Population focusing on the Aboriginal identity population of various geographic areas. Is something not working? Language both shapes and is shaped by the culture to which it belongs. The target population of the 2017 APS is composed of the Aboriginal identity population of Canada, 15 years of age or older as of January 15, 2017, living in private dwellings excluding people living on Indian reserves and settlements and in certain First Nations communities in Yukon and the Northwest Territories (NWT). The Inuit population (65,025) grew by 29.1% from 2006 to 2016. https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/dai/smr08/2018/smr08_225_2018 By comparison, 30.3% of the non-Aboriginal population lived in the western provinces. The Aboriginal population more than doubled in seven CMAs from 2006 to 2016: St. John's, Halifax, Moncton, Québec, Saguenay, Sherbrooke and Barrie. Among Inuit in Inuit Nunangat, the majority (63.7% or 30,140) lived in Nunavut in 2016, while one-quarter (24.9%) lived in Nunavik, whose communities encircle the western, northern and northeastern coastlines of Quebec. Among the four regions of Inuit Nunangat, the Inuit population grew the fastest in Nunavik (+23.3%) and Nunavut (+22.5%) over the 10-year period. About one in six (17.9%) Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4 lived with grandparent(s) in 2016, either with a parent present or without. While the Aboriginal population is younger than the rest of the population in Canada, it is also aging. The Statistics Canada numbers, based on the 2016 census, show Winnipeg's census metropolitan area (CMA) with 92,810 people identifying as Indigenous — First Nations, Métis and Inuit. Canada's aboriginal population, at 1.67 million in 2016, is concentrated in the west where more than half the population resides. First Nations people possess a rich cultural heritage of diverse languages, histories and homelands. Terminology. Alberta had the largest Métis population in the western provinces, accounting for 19.5% of the total Métis population. Along with these factors, some people, for a variety of reasons, report their Aboriginal identity differently from one data collection period to another. While First Nations people accounted for 2.8% of the total population of Canada, they accounted for one-tenth of the population in Saskatchewan (10.7%) and Manitoba (10.5%), and almost one-third of the population in the Northwest Territories (32.1%). This Aboriginal peoples quiz have various multiple choice questions will allow you to know the knowledge of Canada. Statistics Canada conducts a country-wide census that collects demographic data every five years on the first and sixth year of each decade. Meanwhile,The housing conditions of Aboriginal people in Canada examines housing suitability and dwellings in need of repairs. Census highlight tables provide population counts for Aboriginal identity for Canada, as well as provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions. 10. c) Population share • Proportion in percentage of a subpopulation within a larger population. The 2016 Canadian Census enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. Over the last 25 years, the urban Aboriginal population in Canada has been growing steadily. Feature However, they too are aging—in 2016, those 65 years of age and older accounted for a larger share of the Aboriginal population than in the past. The public is also invited to chat with our experts about Aboriginal peoples on Monday October 30, 2017 from 12:30 to 1:30 p.m., Eastern Time. The proportion of people reporting an Aboriginal identity continues to grow, according to the most recent data. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. As shown in the 2016 Census release on age and sex, seniors outnumbered children for the first time in Canada. Aboriginal peoples is a legal term encompassing all indigenous Canadian groups. In fact, the First Nations population continues to grow both on and off reserve. A further 7.5% of the First Nations population lived in the Atlantic provinces and 2.1% lived in the territories. Please refer to the Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016, for additional information on the census variables. The First Nations population—including both those who are registered or treaty Indians under the Indian Act and those who are not—grew by 39.3% from 2006 to reach 977,230 people in 2016. The survey collects information about First Nations people living off-reserve as well as Métis and Inuit people living throughout Canada. Of Inuit living outside of Inuit Nunangat, the largest Inuit populations were in Ottawa–Gatineau (1,280), Edmonton (1,110) and Montréal (975). However, even in Regina, where Aboriginal population growth was the slowest among all CMAs, the Aboriginal population grew at a faster pace than the non-Aboriginal population. However, many children living with a lone parent also lived with grandparent(s). Put simply, more people are newly identifying as Aboriginal on the census—a continuation of a trend over time. Since 2006, the Aboriginal population has grown by 42.5%—more than four times the growth rate of the non-Aboriginal population over the same period. When comparing data on Aboriginal people from the 2016 Census of Population to previous cycles, several factors should be taken into account. In Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982, Aboriginal peoples of Canada" includes the Indian, Inuit, and Métis peoples. 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